Mycophone_emergence and Mycophone_unison are two techno_logical species that evolved on two different paths of the Mycophone lineage. Mycophone_genus is rooted in the kingdom of technium which itself is an emergence of the continuing evolution of the interlink between biological and technological organisms. Mycophone_emergence thus evolved from the interlink between machines and the kingdom of fungi while Mycophone_unison had a much more diverse mixture of interlinking organisms which include machines, humans, fungi, bacteria and archea. In this sense technium evolves not by changing one organism at a time but by making more connections between different organisms and bringing forth a richer complexity of life not yet seen.
BECOMING OF TECHNO_LOGICAL ORGANISMS
In recent years mainstream biological classification of life is very hard to establish and maintain since it was establish as taxonomic system together with the genealogical tree of life. Genealogical tree did try to demonstrate the interconnectedness of all life forms, however it emphasizes only vertical descent from common ancestor.
Lynne Margulis questiones the oversimplified categorizations into plants, animals and germs, by arguing that in many cases differences between plants and animals are not that easy to make. Furthermore, a purer ‘scientific’ division can also be made between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, crushing the age-old divide between plants and animals, who are much more alike then they are presented in contemporary classifications. (Margulis, 1999: 56).
In the context of geophilosophy of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, where the principle of virtually limitless connectivity between heterogenous beings is a way of becoming, genealogies and arborescent structures are foreign artifact as well:
“Becoming produces nothing by filiation; all filiation is imaginary. Becoming is always of a different order than filiation. It concerns alliance. If evolution includes any veritable becomings, it is in the domain of symbioses that bring into play beings of totally different scales and kingdoms, with no possible filiation.” (Deleuze and Guattari, 1988: 238-239).
Rather than specific genealogical lineages of origin, selection, reproduction, and evolution, they map a non-teleological and unpredictable network of symbiotic alliances, interspecies affiliations, symbiogenesis, and involution.
Becoming is best explained in the frame of symbiotic emergent unit or becoming of a wasp and orchid. Evolutionary biology tells a narrative of the orchid imitating the wasp for the propagation of its species. However, Deleuze and Guattari correct this narrative in saying that the orchid is becoming-wasp and the wasp is becoming-orchid.
“The orchid does not reproduce the tracing of the wasp; it forms a map with the wasp… What distinguishes the map from the tracing is that it is entirely oriented toward an experimentation in contact with the real. The map does not reproduce an unconscious closed in upon itself; it constructs the unconscious.” (Deleuze, Guattari, 1988: 12) Encounter between the two entities creates a new reality, a new becoming. The orchid leaves its own territory by forming an image, by imitating a wasp. Although the wasp returns to its territory in this image while leaving its turf at the same time and becoming part of the orchid’s reproduction apparatus; the wasp deterritorialized the orchid by carrying pollen. (Deleuze, Guattari, 1988: 238-239)
In this regard emergence of technological organisms occur. Encounter of techno-logical and bio-logical create a new reality, a new becoming – a life. Techno-logical by reproducing the lifelike behaviors of bio-logical constitutes a reality where the definition, perception of a life is questioned. Techno-logical leaves it’s own territory by living, imitating the bio-logical and never returns, because it emerges as alive and wild. It redefines life, thus entering a new circle of technological organisms.
Deleuze, G and Guattari, F. (1988) A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Margulis, L. (1999) Symbiotic planet: a new look at evolution. Basic Books.